In the film “Horrible Bosses,” any resemblance to real or living people may have been purely coincidental, but for many American workers, the portrayal represents a familiar daily reality in the workplace: their bosses are making them miserable. And sick. The Journal of Business and Psychology reported that workers’ health can be adversely affected by a negative psychological climate, which can lead to a slew of health-related problems, including heart disease and depression.
Adding insult to injury is the fact that CEOs make 380 times more than the average worker. The average compensation for a CEO rose almost 727 percent between the years 1978 and 2011—more than twice the increase in S&P’s 500-stock index—while pay for the average nonsupervisory worker in the private sector rose less than 6 percent during that same period. While employees generally accept that their boss is going to earn more than they do , they rest assured that with the additional money probably come a proportionate amount of stress and anxiety. As Robert Frost wryly noted, “By working faithfully eight hours a day you may eventually get to be boss and work twelve hours a day.” On the contrary, however, research indicates that those in high leadership positions actually experience less stress than those in non-leadership positions.